female genital diseases

Vaginal discharge or itching in the intimate organs is a common thing that occurs in women. However, this condition needs to be watched out for if the symptoms worsen and occur continuously. Especially if mucus comes out with a powerful odor, it can signify a dangerous female venereal disease.

Female venereal disease is caused by many things, such as fungi, parasites, or bacteria in the female organs. For this reason, it is vital for you to always maintain vaginal hygiene so that disease does not easily nest.

Later in this article, we will further discuss the types of female venereal disease and its symptoms to be more alert. Come on, see!

Types of Female Sexual Diseases

Here are the various venereal diseases in women and their characteristics that you need to know.

1. Fungal Infection

The fungus candida Albicans is a fungus that grows naturally in the vagina, as long as the amount is still reasonable. But if excessive, it triggers the occurrence of infection.

Yeast infections in the vagina are prone to causing inflammation that interferes with the intimate organs. Especially if it is left unchecked and not treated.

Some of the symptoms include:

  • Pain when urinating.
  • Excessive vaginal itching.
  • Discomfort during sexual intercourse.
  • Inflammation is characterized by vaginal redness and swelling.

2. Vulvovaginitis

The following female genital disease is vulvovaginitis, inflammation of the vagina. Generally, this disease is caused by internal and external factors such as bacterial infection in the vagina, lack of estrogen, and lubricating fluids.

Some of the symptoms that indicate vulvovaginitis include:

  • The appearance of a burning sensation when urinating
  • Pain during sexual intercourse
  • Vaginal swelling
  • The appearance of excessive odor in the intimate organs

3. Genital Herpes

Genital herpes is generally caused by the HSV II virus, which attacks the waist and above. There is also genital herpes, caused by the HSV I Virus, which attacks the waist down, including the vagina.

At first, this female genital disease is asymptomatic. But along with the severity of the disease, pain in the skin began to appear, followed by sores. Not only that, people with genital herpes will also experience fever, dizziness, muscle aches, and bloody urine.

4. Chlamydia

Next, you also need to be aware of chlamydia, a bacterial infection of the vagina that is difficult to detect at first. Generally, new patients will begin to feel symptoms after one week of infection.

Common symptoms of chlamydia include the appearance of foul-smelling discharge from the vaginal area, pain when urinating and having sex, and vaginal bleeding. Doctors carry out enforcement of this disease through a series of examinations.

Read more: Causes and Symptoms of Ovarian Cysts You Need to Know

5. Sexually Transmitted Infections

Several sexually transmitted diseases can attack women, including warts, syphilis, gonorrhoea, and trichomoniasis. These diseases are at risk of appearing when sufferers have sexual intercourse with multiple partners or do not use safety during intercourse.

Common symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases include pain when urinating, burning sensation in the vaginal area, bleeding urine, pain during intercourse, vaginal itching, and vaginal discharge with an unusual color. In addition, women who suffer from this disease can also experience blisters on the female organs.

Although the symptoms of sexually transmitted diseases are apparent, they may not appear at all in some conditions. For this reason, a series of tests and doctor’s examinations are needed to establish a diagnosis of this female venereal disease.

6. Bartholinitis

Bartholinitis or swelling of the Bartholin’s glands can also affect women. Remember that Bartholin is a gland in the vaginal area that can secrete natural fluids during sexual intercourse.

Swelling of the Bartholin’s glands occurs when there is a blockage that causes fluid to build up. This fluid buildup triggers the appearance of a cyst.

Some of the common symptoms of bartholinitis include the appearance of a lump in the vaginal opening, vaginal inflammation, pain when sitting, and smelly pus discharge from the intimate organs.

7. Vaginal Discharge

Although vaginal discharge is normal for women, you need to be aware of abnormal vaginal discharge. The characteristics of normal vaginal discharge include odorless, colorless and liquid in texture.

However, if there is a foul odor in the vaginal discharge with green or gray color, you need to be vigilant. Abnormal vaginal discharge is one of the early signs of deadly cervical cancer.

Immediately consult a doctor and examine to get the proper treatment. Of course, prompt treatment prevents the disease from getting worse.

8. Cervicitis

Another female genital disease is cervicitis, which is inflammation of the cervix. This disease can be triggered by several factors, such as an imbalance in the body’s hormones, the use of inappropriate contraceptives, as well as bacteria and viruses.

Symptoms of cervicitis are quite mild, and some even have no symptoms at all. However, some patients experience pain when urinating, vaginal discharge, and bleeding after sexual intercourse.

9. Salpingitis

Not only attacking the vagina and cervix, but female genitalia can also attack the fallopian tubes, which cause inflammation. Bacterial infection generally causes salpingitis. Salpingitis is susceptible to permanent damage to the fallopian tubes if left untreated.

Symptoms of salpingitis include nausea and vomiting, fever, back pain, foul-smelling vaginal discharge, and pain during intercourse. Salpingitis is not only dangerous but can also reduce a woman’s fertility.

10. Cancer

Cancer is the most malignant female genital disease. Many types of cancer occur in intimate organs, including ovarian cancer, vulvar cancer, cervical cancer, and uterine cancer.

Common cancer symptoms are not always typical, generally including vaginal bleeding, irregular menstrual schedule, and pain in the abdomen. Some people also experience drastic weight loss due to cancer.

The good news is cancer in the sex organs can be prevented with the HPV vaccine. In addition, it is better to have safe sex using condoms and avoid changing partners. It is also recommended for women aged 25 years and over to routinely carry out pap smear examinations to find out indications of cancer or other disorders early on.

Women’s venereal disease needs to be watched out because it can cause more severe disturbances in the future or even death. Given the various venereal diseases that are at risk of appearing above, you need to implement a healthy lifestyle from now on. Also, apply clean living behaviors that can reduce the risk of dangerous diseases in the female organs.