Technology that continues to develop allows anyone to obtain offspring in various ways, including sperm donors for IVF. Yes, sperm donors have recently begun to be carried out in developed countries such as Britain and America, although not in Indonesia.
Sperm donation is a voluntary act of a man to donate his sperm to a partner who has not or cannot have children. Later the donated sperm will be inserted into the woman’s uterus through an artificial insemination process, or it can also go through the IVF process.
So what are the requirements and stages of sperm donation for IVF? Is this method safe enough to get offspring? Let’s see the following reviews.
What is a Sperm Donor
Before knowing the requirements and stages of sperm donation for IVF, it’s a good idea to know what a sperm donor is. As mentioned above, sperm donation is giving semen containing sperm from a man to help a woman or a partner have children.
Furthermore, the process of insemination or implantation of sperm in women until pregnancy occurs. The process of pregnancy through sperm donors can also be done through the IVF process.
Although many have done it in developed countries, sperm donors still invite pros and cons in several circles. It makes the practice of sperm donors not legally possible in Indonesia.
Sperm Donation Terms and Stages
Although it looks easy, sperm donation for IVF requires a process and stages that are quite difficult and long. Men who want to donate sperm must meet the specified criteria and conditions. You must pass some stages until the sperm can be given to another partner or accommodated by a sperm bank.
The following are some of the requirements and criteria that must be possessed by men who want to donate sperm for IVF:
- Still of productive age (age 18 to 39 years)
- Physically healthy
- Have good sperm quality
- No history of the disease
- Not having a dependency on drugs
- Passed a physical, psychological, and genetic health examination
While the stages or processes of sperm donation are as follows:
1. Background Check
Men also need to do a background check. They will be asked to fill out a questionnaire about themselves. Men need to check health history, height, weight, race, and lifestyle to work history.
It is very necessary to become a sperm donor. A man must meet several specified criteria. Later the sperm recipient will not know the identity of the donor. Therefore you must be sure that the donor is the right person.
2. Physical and Psychological Examination
After the prospective sperm donor has filled out several questionnaires, you must do a physical examination to determine whether or not he is eligible to donate his sperm.
This examination is done with blood tests and cultures. The result is to check whether They have a disease with the potential to be transmitted to children.
The sperm donor procedure stipulates that men with a history of certain diseases such as HIV, herpes, and hepatitis cannot donate sperm for IVF or insemination. The reason is that a number of these diseases can be transmitted directly to children born.
In addition, prospective donors also need to do a psychological examination. This examination is carried out through a series of tests and interviews. As a result, potential donors are not allowed to suffer from mental or psychological illnesses that impact the future.
3. Genetic Examination
Men who donate sperm for IVF will then carry out a genetic examination, one of the stages of sperm donation. A special medical team will examine him to see if there is a genetic disorder.
This examination is done by taking blood and urine for later testing in a special lab. Furthermore, we will know whether the prospective donor can give sperm or not.
4. Sperm Check
Sperm examination is also important as one of the sperm donor processes. As previously explained, the sperm of the prospective donor must be of good quality and feasible.
Later prospective donors are asked to ejaculate within 48 to 72 hours. Ejaculation will be through intercourse or masturbation. After the sperm is obtained, a sperm feasibility analysis test will be carried out.
Then sperm will freeze to test its resistance. If the sperm is proven healthy and meets the requirements, the prospective donor is allowed to donate sperm.
5. Sperm Retrieval
After the sperm is declared healthy, the prospective donor is asked to sign a sperm donor approval letter. This written consent letter will serve as evidence in the future if something happens regarding the sperm donor.
Furthermore, the man who will donate his sperm will be asked to ejaculate again, the same as during the examination. Ejaculation is carried out for approximately 3 days to ensure that the sperm is in the best condition.
After that, the sperm will be accommodated in a special container and frozen for approximately 6 months. Sperm will also be re-examined to minimize the risk of diseases transmitted through the sperm.
If the sperm is said to be healthy and safe, it will be tested for quality, quantity, and movement. The goal is to avoid damage to sperm cells during the clotting process. Of course, the sperm is expected to be in good condition to fertilize the egg through the IVF program.
This process takes a long time until a woman can receive the sperm that needs it. Later the sperm will be inserted into the woman’s uterus through the IVF process. You can also do it through the insemination process until the woman can finally get pregnant and give birth.
Well, that’s the process of donating sperm for IVF to help couples who want to get offspring in other ways. However, this process is not yet legal in Indonesia and is still controversial in some circles.