In general, infertility is defined as a condition in which the reproductive organs cannot function optimally. This problem can occur in both men and women. The condition of fertility disorders or infertility in men can be influenced by the quality of sperm, both in terms of number, deformity, and the ability to move.
Based on data from the Mayo Clinic, infertility or fertility problems in men accounts for up to a third of the total number of couples who are undergoing a pregnancy program.
This condition itself can occur due to problems with the reproductive system. The trigger can be many things, ranging from age, genetic disorders, lifestyle, etc. To be clear, you can learn the various causes and symptoms of infertility in men that often occur.
Causes of Infertility in Men
Many factors can cause infertility or fertility disorders in men. Below are some examples of causes of infertility in men that you need to know.
1. Sperm Problem
Healthy and good-quality sperm are needed to run the fertilization process optimally. Healthy sperm cells’ characteristics can be determined in terms of the ideal number and mortality.
The causes of infertility in men are caused mainly by unhealthy sperm content, such as too few numbers, deformities, lack of mortality, or sperm movement.
2. Thyroid Disorder
The thyroid is a hormone that plays a role in regulating the performance of the reproductive organs and metabolism in men. Therefore, when there are signs of a problem with thyroid hormones, a man can experience infertility.
Some examples of diseases that arise from thyroid hormone disorders include hypothyroidism (a condition in which a person experiences a deficiency of thyroid hormone) and hyperthyroidism (a situation in which a person has excess thyroid hormone).
Diabetes has been known to have a bad impact on the body, and even this disease has the potential to cause infertility or fertility problems in men. Diabetes can trigger several conditions in the male reproductive system, such as lowering testosterone levels causing erectile dysfunction.
The effect of decreasing testosterone levels in men causes reduced sexual desire and weakened ejaculation ability. As a result, the process of sexual relations with the partner to have children becomes less than optimal.
4. Retrograde Ejaculation
The term Retrograde Ejaculation may not be too familiar to most men’s ears in Indonesia. Retrograde ejaculation is a disorder that arises due to the semen released when ejaculated. It goes back into the bladder.
As a result, when reaching orgasm in sexual intercourse, the amount of semen released is small or does not come out at all.
The leading cause of Retrograde Ejaculation is an abnormality in the valves of the male bladder. This condition is harmless but significantly affects you and your partner who want to have children.
Some examples of symptoms of Retrograde Ejaculation, men find it difficult to ejaculate until it is difficult to get aroused when having sex. You can consult the nearest obstetrician if you experience the above symptoms to be treated immediately.
In medical terms, hyperprolactinemia is a fertility disorder caused by a drastic increase in the level of the prolactin hormone in the blood. For information, prolactin levels that exceed normal limits can affect libido or sexual desire in men, reduce the number of sperm cell production, and trigger impotence.
6. Lifestyle Factor
Men with a normal or mediocre lifestyle are not automatically separated from the potential for infertility. However, if you have a bad lifestyle sooner or later, it will trigger fertility problems.
One of the bad lifestyles is consuming alcoholic beverages and smoking. Both have a significant role in influencing the quality of sperm because many toxins are circulating in the blood vessels.
7. Genetic Disorders
Apart from an unhealthy lifestyle, infertility in men can also be triggered by genetic disorders. Men who suffer from genetic disorders usually make the reproductive organs unable to work correctly, affecting the production, movement, and overall quality of sperm cells.
According to the Ministry of Health, examples of genetic disorders that can cause infertility include congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Kallmann syndrome, and Klinefelter syndrome. You can check the various symptoms above through a gynecologist.
Read more: Impotence in Men: The Causes to Watch Out
Varicoceles or commonly referred to as swelling of the testicles is a cause of infertility according to WHO, is quite popular. Unfortunately, most men are not aware of this disease until the condition is painful in the testicles.
In some cases, the cause of varicoceles is triggered by the habit of standing, sitting, or doing sports for too long. The solution can be handled by performing surgical procedures.
Infections in the reproductive organs can trigger infertility in women and in adult men. Infectious or inflammatory diseases that can trigger infertility include HIV, gonorrhea, urinary tract infections, prostate inflammation, and syphilis.
The next cause of infertility in men is Panhypopituitarism. In this condition, the pituitary gland in the brain cannot produce hormones optimally, causing the reproductive organ system to be disrupted.
Panhypopituitarism in adult men can decrease penis size, reduce sexual desire, impotence, and affect breast size.
11. Testicular Torsion
Testicular torsion disorder is a dangerous condition that must be treated immediately not to cause testicular damage that threatens infertility in men. Testicular torsion occurs when the testicles are twisted, so blood flow is interrupted.
Men who experience testicular torsion will generally feel sudden severe pain in the testicles. Under certain conditions, this can even lead to swelling of the testicles or scrotum.
12. Drug Side Effects
The influence of certain drugs can also cause infertility in men. Especially if consumed in high doses and long term. Examples of drugs that can trigger fertility disorders in men include anti-psychotics, marijuana, cocaine, corticosteroids, to hormone replacement therapy drugs.
The negative effect of the various drugs above is that they can reduce the number and quality of sperm so that it becomes more challenging to carry out the process of fertilizing an egg.
Thus the discussion related to male infertility deserves attention. For those of you who are currently carrying out a pregnancy program, paying attention to male reproductive health is one of the essential aspects that must be done.
There are many causes of infertility, so if you and your partner are still having trouble having a baby, you should immediately examine and change lifestyle habits that you feel can interfere with your health.