It is essential to do a female fertility test to detect any reproductive organ disorders that can hinder the fertilization process. In general, a series of self-fertility checks are carried out before marriage or when you want to increase the success of an ongoing pregnancy program.
Currently, the choice of fertility test methods in women is very varied. You can start from natural fertility checks by recording your basal body temperature data at home as a way to monitor your ovulation cycle, perform ovulation tests, to test your reproductive organs that involve modern technology.
So, to be clear about the various fertility test procedures in women, we have compiled the following information specifically for you.
Choices of Female Fertility Test Method
Several tests can be done to check the level of fertility in women. Here are a few options you need to know more about.
Female Reproductive Organ Fertility Test
The reproductive organs are an essential part of the female reproductive process. Therefore, it is not surprising that female fertility tests often involve checking the condition of the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes to ensure their function. Here are some choices for female reproductive organ tests that are differentiated based on their needs.
1. Transvaginal Ultrasound (USG)
Female fertility testing using Transvaginal Ultrasound (USG) is a very common method. This procedure examines the uterus, vagina, cervix, ovaries, and fallopian tubes.
Using the Ultrasound (USG) female fertility test is done by inserting the device into the vagina and then directing it to the area near the pelvis to take pictures of the various reproductive organs.
Another benefit of the Ultrasound (USG) test is that it can also help diagnose cysts placental disorders, confirming pregnancy in the early weeks to miscarriage. In addition, this tool can also be used in emergency conditions to find out the cause of women experiencing sudden vaginal bleeding.
2. Hysterosalpingography (HSG)
Hysterosalpingography or HSG is performed to ensure that the uterus and fallopian tubes are average. The fertility test, also known as a tubogram, uses x-rays to take pictures of the organs that need to be examined.
Hysterosalpingography (HSG) procedures are generally carried out right after the menstrual period. Before using an x-ray, the doctor will insert a dye through the vagina. In general, Hysterosalpingography (HSG) helps analyze if there is a blockage in the fallopian tubes or a defect in the uterus that could interfere with pregnancy.
In addition to the two previous tests, the examination of female fertility is also commonly done with the Laparoscopic method. What is Laparoscopy? The laparoscopic technique is a procedure to determine the cause of infertility by inserting a small fiber optic-based camera through a small incision made in the abdomen.
The Laparoscopy test itself can see the entire pelvis to find out the current condition if there are signs of endometriosis, cysts, or pelvic inflammatory disease.
Hysteroscopy is generally performed when the Ultrasound (USG) test results reveal signs of abnormalities in the reproductive organs. The examination is carried out by inserting a flexible camera connected to a small tube into the tube leading to the uterus.
The use of this tool aims to monitor the condition of the inside of the uterus and take tissue samples if needed. On the other hand, hysteroscopy can also detect polyps, uterine deformities, fibroids to the cause of bleeding during menstruation.
5. Postcoital Test
Like the name, the postcoital test is an examination procedure carried out sometime after you and your partner have sexual intercourse. The examination procedure is by taking a sample of mucus from the cervix for microscopic testing.
The aim is to test the viability of sperm cells when they are in the uterine canal and the pattern of their interaction with cervical mucus.
If the previous tests are more directed to examining the reproductive organs, the following female fertility tests prioritize hormonal analysis at the time of ovulation. Here are some of the procedures.
- Ovulation Test
An ovulation test aims to find out and confirm that ovulation has occurred. The trick is to use blood tests, body temperature charts, Ultrasound (USG) to ovulation prediction tools.
- Ovarian Function Check
This procedure plays a role in knowing the function of hormones that affect the ovulation process. The series of processes consists of checking the Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) function, a blood test to determine the amount of hormone inhibiting B that can hinder the ovulation cycle, and an estradiol test on the third day to measure estrogen levels.
- Luteal Phase Test
Remember that the progesterone hormone will usually increase drastically after ovulation. Therefore, this test is needed whose primary function is to determine the amount of progesterone in the body.
General Female Fertility Test
To find out the level of fertility in women, you can also perform the following series of health procedures.
1. Urine Examination
Doctors usually also require a urine sample to test for luteinizing hormone (LH) in the female fertility test procedure. This type of hormone itself tends to increase before entering the fertile period or the ovulation process.
The function of the luteinizing hormone (LH) itself is to stimulate the growth and development of follicles in the egg to optimize the fertilization process. Unfortunately, the luteinizing hormone (LH) can only work optimally when the FSH hormone (Follicle-stimulating hormone) participates.
2. Pap Smear Test
Pap smear test is a procedure performed to detect cervical cancer in women. The examination process is carried out by taking a sample of cells in the cervix and then testing in the laboratory.
Medically, the pap smear procedure is recommended every three years for women aged 21 years and over. As for women aged 30-65 years can be done every five years with a combination of HPV examination.
3. Body Temperature Monitoring
One way to test female fertility naturally is to check body temperature every morning. An increased body temperature that feels hotter is a sign after ovulation.
With the results of monitoring body temperature, you can study the ovulation cycle to get basal body temperature data.
4. Blood Test
Hormonal imbalance is one of the common causes of fertility problems in women. This condition itself can be monitored through a blood test procedure so that if there is abnormal hormone activity, it can be detected immediately.
Those are the various tools and procedures for female fertility tests that you need to know. You don’t need to go through all of the above examinations to check the fertility condition because usually, the doctor will choose which procedure is correct for you. So don’t worry about the cost of a fertility test.