Did you know that before getting married, you and your partner are advised to check your health. This examination is not only for women. Men must also do this before marriage. This examination is called a premarital examination.
What is a Premarital Examination?
The premarital health examination is the health examination process for prospective couples who will marry. It aims to check the presence of genetic or infectious diseases in the body. You can prevent passing it on to your spouse or children later.
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Furthermore, the doctor will advise for prevention, change or suggest lifestyle and medical treatment if needed. In this process, the Indonesian Ministry of Health expects you and your partner to carry out a premarital examination about 6 months before the wedding process so that the results are more optimal.
Therefore, it’s a good idea for you first to know the existing tests. This test can be tailored to the needs of each individual. Here’s a series of premarital tests that you need to know.
The first series of premarital checks are initial examinations such as blood type, height and weight, symptoms of diabetes, blood pressure and sugar, and routine hematological examinations.
The second doctor checked the parties so that nothing happened. This examination is intended for those who plan to postpone postponing after marriage immediately.
A blood type examination aims to determine the compatibility between your rhesus and your baby. If it turns out that you and your partner have different rhesus, there is a chance that your biological child will have different rhesus as well. The health of the prospective baby in the womb can be disturbed because of damaged blood cells and susceptibility to anemia and organ damage to the prospective baby.
Next, check blood sugar levels. Those with high blood pressure before becoming pregnant have an increased risk of preeclampsia and preterm labor. Finally, the doctor will check if you and your partner have diabetes symptoms. This disease can affect the sexual life of partners, and the chances of getting pregnant will be less.
Hereditary Disease Examination
After the initial examination is complete, the doctor will continue to examine the presence of hereditary diseases that your child may experience in the future, such as diabetes, hypertension, cancer, and heart disease. After knowing the hereditary disease early, you and your partner can prevent it early and change your lifestyle, so your child is free from these health problems.
Examination of Infectious and Sexually Transmitted Diseases
The next premarital check-up is no less important, namely the examination of infectious and sexually transmitted diseases. You and your partner have the potential to have a history of this disease.
Some of these histories are asymptomatic, or you can’t feel them now, so you will feel this history for years later if you don’t do an early examination. Premarital check-ups can reveal several sexually transmitted diseases, such as HIV or AIDS, hepatitis B and C, chlamydia, and syphilis.
Knowing the disease before you get it can prevent you or your partner from contracting it so that early treatment can be done. This process can detect infectious diseases, such as herpes, toxoplasmosis, rubella, and cytomegalovirus. These diseases could affect your pregnancy.
One of the genetic diseases that can detect early is thalassemia. This disease can occur when the red blood cells in the body do not distribute oxygen properly.
The main cause is heredity, so it endangers your future child. Babies born to parents with haemoglobin problems will be at greater risk of developing this disease.
Thalassemia has several symptoms, such as mild anaemia, growth disorders, to bone problems, and without proper treatment, thalassemia complications can occur, such as liver disease, heart disease, and osteoporosis.
Reproductive Organ Examination
A premarital checkup also includes an examination of your reproductive organs and your partner’s. For women, Gynecological Examination serves to help detect gynaecological conditions and disorders that can affect fertility and the possibility of pregnancy.
As for men, examination of the reproductive organs serves to analyze the quality of sperm viability.
Allergy checks are part of a series of premarital checkups that determine if you and your partner have allergic tendencies, such as certain foods and inhaling and touching things.
The future child will have a greater chance of later developing the same allergies from the father and mother.
That’s a series of premarital checkups that are commonly done. You and your partner can further ask about examinations available at trusted hospitals or health centres.
After knowing the available series, let’s also know the price of this premarital checkup to find out which one is more suitable for each couple’s pocket. Check out the explanation below.
Price of Premarital Checkup
Premarital Check Ups have different prices depending on how many checks you take and the place of the checkup itself. You can take checkups at hospitals, health centres, and clinics you trust. Below are examples of common places and prices.
The first place for premarital checkups is the hospital. Here, you and your partner can check and choose the package provided.
Reporting from siloamhospitals.com, this hospital allows you to do a premarital checkup with prices based on gender and package. For women, basic and advanced packages start from IDR 4,850,000. As for men, the basic premarital checkup package starts at IDR 3,500,000. The examination includes consultation, a complete blood count, and screening for infectious diseases.
A checkup at the Health Center
Premarital checkups at the local hospital can save your expenses because the costs are very affordable. The average premarital checkup fee at this local hospital is almost the same in several other areas, around Rp. 20,000 to Rp. 50,000. You can also use premarital checkups as a cardholder or BPJS health program.
The government will bear the cost, so you don’t have to spend a dime. Several types of medical tests before marriage or premarital checkups are recommended for you and your partner. There’s nothing wrong with checking yourself early before marriage so you don’t get infected and don’t infect for the good of you, your partner, and your beloved prospective baby.